In this blog, we will understand the very basic concept of aviation. We will see what is aviation, what are its categories, and what are its main components and they brief history of how the aviation industry has evolved over a period of time.
Aviation is said to be air transportation or transportation by air. There is a more scientific definition of Aviation which states that “which states that the practical aspect or art of aeronautics, being the design, development and production, operation and the use of aircrafts especially heavier than air.
The word aviation was coined by French writer and former naval officer Gabriel La Landelle in 1863, from the verb ‘avier’ means “flying”.
The word “avier” was derived from the Latin word “Avis” which means bird. Later the word ATION was added as a suffix to coin the word, “Aviation”.
There are mainly two broad categories of aviation. They are military aviation and civil aviation. Military aviation is the use of military aircraft for conducting aerial welfare and airlifting of cargo for armed forces stationed far away, which could be even at the country’s borders. Military aircraft include bombers, fighters, transports, trainer aircraft, reconnaissance aircraft, Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, etc come under military aviation.
Civil Aviation means the use of aircraft for non-military flying, which includes Private aviation and commercial aviation. Private aviation is the part of civil aviation that does not include flying for hire or commercial purposes. In private flights, the pilot is not paid, and all aircraft operating expenses are generally met by the pilot.
There are two types of commercial aviation which are General aviation and scheduled airlines. General aviation includes both private and commercial. General aviation may include business flights, flight training, ballooning, parachuting, air charter, private aviation, gliding, Hang gliding, aerial photography, foot-launched powered hang gliders, air ambulance, charter flights, traffic reporting, police air patrols, and forest fire fighting.